The Hobbits In Flores Island
In 2003, archaeologists at Liang Bua Cave – Flores Island found the tiny bones of an adult, female, human-like being, standing only 90-100 cm tall, Nicknamed hobbit, she became the representative of a new hominid species with the scientific name, Homo foresiensis. More findings in the cave revealed that the hobbits inhabited Flores relatively recently, that is between 94,000 and 13,000 years ago, existing at the same time modern humans already populated Southeast Asia and Australia. The skeletal anatomy shows a number of features – short legs, large feet, long arms that clearly distinguish them from modern humans and are seen in the human ancestor Homo erectus and other early hominids, as well as in today’s great apes. Findings of stone tools some 800,000 years old indicate eary hominid activity on Flores. So Homo floresiensis might have evolved from H. erectus and then survived far Into a time where all other early hominids were long extinct. Researchers were mystified though by the relatively small brain of the hobbit people, too small in relation to body size, compared to other hominids. This made the hobbits subjects of heated debate, with claims that they were microcephaly, have been put forward. But a whole group of individuals with the caused the loss of brain size, as the cunningness and inventiveness essential spearheads and other artifacts at the excavation site suggest that Its dwellers were capable of complex thinking as well.