The Komodo National Park includes Komodo Island, Rinca Island, Padar Island, Gilimotang Island, the small isles surrounding these four islands and marine waters. Administratively it is included in the Manggarai district, West Flores, East Nusa Tenggara province. The proposed extension on the West side of the Park is located in the Bima district, Sumbawa, West Nusa Tenggara.
Padar Island lies between Komodo and Rinca. It is a relatively small island (16 square kilometers) compared to the two main islands, Komodo (336 km2) and Rinca (211 km2). The coastline of Padar is 31 km long. The topography of Padar consists of hills reaching to 269 m above sea level (Mt. Piramide), sloping beaches of clean white sand in the North, and several steep, rocky beaches in the South. The island is approximately 8 km long, stretching from Southwest to Northeast. In the steep portions of the site, there are erosion gullies, dry riverbeds or seasonal rivers.
Sea birds and seasonal migrants are observed on Padar. The Komodo dragon and deer had gone locally extinct, but the deer have started to return, and there have been unconfirmed sightings of dragons. Wild boar (Sus scrofa), snakes, and turtles are also found on the island. Poaching is still a very significant threat to the deer population on Padar and herewith also hinders the reestablishment of Komodo dragons on this island. The island is a stopover location for local fishermen to rest or take shelter from bad weather. Agricultural activities do not appear to have been conducted in the area. The area could be used for day hikes, beach picnics, photography and sun bathing.