Komodo Island is located to the East of Sumbawa Island and is separated from it by the Sape strait. The coastline of Komodo Island is 181 km long. Komodo is currently the most Western located (larger) island of a number of islands in the Komodo National Park, and covers a surface area of about 336 square kilometers. The island is approximately 36 km long (North-South). The height of the land from sea level varies from 0-735 m. To the North, a range of mountains and hills surrounds the bay of Loh Liang in a semi-circle. This Northern mountain range consists of Mount Satalibo (735 m), Mount Ara (510 m), Mount Todo Klea (560 m) and Poreng Hill to the North-East. Another range of hills abounds to the North-West of Mt. Satalibo and in several places towards the North coast of Komodo. In the central part of the island, the landscape is relatively flat, but in the South, starting from Mt. Komodo (500 m above sea level) continuing to the South, the land stretches in plains with rugged hills. The coastal region often consists of steep and sheer rocky cliffs, although in several places there are white sandy beaches that offer a splendid view.
The island Komodo borrows its name from the endemic Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), which is widely distributed over the island. Additional terrestrial fauna includes the wild buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), the wild boar (Sus scrofa), deer (Cervus timorensis), the wild horse, and several types of birds (Aves) and other reptiles. The wild fauna on Komodo has a strong appeal for both domestic and international tourists. Its unique wildlife has attracted international scientific interest and been the focus of several research projects.