Komodo Island is an island located in the East Nusa Tenggara islands –Indonesia. Komodo Island is known as a habitat for native animals dragons. The island is also the Komodo National Park is managed by the Central Government. Komodo Island is located east of the island of Sumbawa, i separated by Sape Strait. Administratively, this island including the District of Komodo, West Manggarai, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. Komodo Island is the westernmost tip of East Nusa Tenggara Province, bordering the province of West Nusa Tenggara.
On the island of Komodo, dragons animals live and breed well. Until August 2009, on this island there are an estimatedi 1300 dragons tail. Coupled with the other islands, such as the island of Rinca and Gili and Motang, their number to taled about 2500 birds. There are approximately 100 individuals dragons in Wae Wuul Nature Reserve on the mainland island of Flores, but not including the Komodo National Park. Komodo National Park includes three major islands: Komodo, Rinca and Padar, as well as numerous smaller islands creating a total surface area (marine and land) of 1817km (proposed extensions would bring the total surface area up to 2,321km2). As well as being home to the Komodo dragon, the Park provides refuge for many other notable terrestrial species such as the orange-footed scrub fowl, an endemic rat, and the Timor deer. Moreover, the Park includes one of the richest marine environments including coral reefs, man groves, seagrass beds, seamounts, and semi-enciosed bays. These habitats harbor more than 1,000 species of fish, some 260 species of reef-building coral, and 70 species of sponges. i Dugong, sharks, manta rays, at least 14 species of whales, dolphins, and sea turtles also make Komodo National Park their home.
Threats to terrestrial biodiversity include the increasing pres sure on forest cover and water resources as the local human population has increased 800% over the past 60 years. In ad dition, the Timor deer population, the preferred prey source for the endangered Komodo dragon, is still being poached. Destructive fishing practices such as dynamite-, cyanide, and compressor fishing severely threaten the Parks marine resources by destroying both the habitat (coral reels) and the resource itself fish and invertebrate stocks). The present situ ation in the Park is characterized by reduced but continuing destructive fishing practices primarty by immigrant fishers, and high pressure on demersal stocks like lobsters, shelfs groupers and napoleon wrasse. Pollution inputs, ranging from raw sewage to chemicals are increasing and may pose a majortheerin the future
Now, the PKA Balal Taman Nasonat Komodo are working to protect the Parks vast resou es Our goals are to protect the Parks biodiversity (both marine and terrestrial) and the breeding stocks of commeral fishes for replenishment of surrounding fshing grounds The main challenge is to reduce both threats to tihe reources and conficts between in compatble activites. both parties have along term commitment to protectinoqthe man biodiversity of Komodo National Park.