10 BEST FLORES TOUR INDONESIA DESTINATIONS 2019
Flores the island named ‘Flowers’ by 6th-century Portuguese colonists,has become Indonesia’s ‘next big thing’. In the far west , Labuanbajo is a booming tourist town that combines tropical beauty with nearby attractions such as Komodo National Park, myriad superb dive spots and beach-dappled little islands. The often lush interior is attracting an evergreater river of travelers who,in just a few days’ journey overland, encounter smoking volcanoes ,spectarcular rice fields and lakes ,exotic cultures and hidden beaches. You’ll even see plenty of steeples,as away from the port towns most people are nominally catholic. And may more people are part of cultures and groups that date back centuries , and live in traditional villages seemingly unchanged in millennia . the 670km serpentine,yet raplidy improving ,Trans- Flores HWY skirts knife-edge ridges that sheer into spectacular river canyons , brushes by dozens of traditional villages , and always seems to have a perfectly conial volcano in view.roads of varying quality branch off into areas few tourists have explored.
FLORES ISLAND CULTURE
The island’s 1.9 milion people are divided into five main linguistic and cultural groups. From west to east ,these are the Manggarai [main town Ruteng] , the Ngada [bajawa] , the closely related Ende and Lio peoples [Ende ] the Sikkanese [Maumere] and the Lamaholot [Larantuka].in remote areas especially those accessible only by trail ,some older people don’t speak a word of Bahasa Indonesia ,and their parents grew up in purely animist societies .Around 85% of the people are chatolic, but in rural areas Christianity is welded onto adat .Animist rituals are still used for births , marriages and deaths , and to mark important points in the agricultural calendar. Even educated, English-pseaking Florenese participate in the odd chicken, pig or buffalo sacrifice to the ancestors when rice is planted. Muslims congregate in fishing villages and coastal towns such as ende [where they make up half the population] and Labuan Bajo.
10 BEST FLORES INDONESIA TOUR DESTINATIONS
1.DIVING AND SNORKELLING AROUND KOMODO & LABUAN BAJO
Komodo National Park is Located in West Manggarai. Komodo national park offers more than just its prehistoric Komodo dragons (varanus komodoensis). Explore different adventure treks around Komodo and Rinca Island or explore off-the-beaten-trails along the slopes of Mount Ara and the Poreng Valley, which is situated 580m above sea level. This scenic area will surely dazzle with its rich diversity of exotic fauna, wild orchids and tropical plants. Be sure to immerse yourself in the enchanting underwater world in the Komodo National Park. Going beneath the sea, Flores underwater world opens up to reveal a diverse and colorful parallel universe of marine life. Komodo National Park is a home in the west hosts remarkable dive sites and is home to over 1,000 species of fish and more than 350 reef- building corals. Be it muck diving, night diving, snorkeling, or simply enjoying this pristine hideaway, Flores offers a mind-blowing underwater thrill that makes it like second home for dive enthusiasts.
Komodo National Park has some o the most exhilarating scuba diving in Indonesia, especally around the many island in the nort. It’s a region swept by stong current and cold upswells, created by the covergence of the warmer Flores Sea and the cooler Seat Sumba (Sumba strait) – condition that create reach plankton soup and an astonishing diversity of marine life. Mantas and whale are drawn here to feed on the plankton during their migration from the indian ocean to the south China Sea. Dolphins are also common in the water between Komodo and Flores.
The Following are among the several dozen dive site mapped in the park and in the waters islands around Labuan Bajo:
- Batu Bolong ; a split pinneacle with pristine coral and a relatively light current. The small rock jutting above the water only hints at the wealth of life below.
- Crystal Bommie (aala Crystal Rock) ; has electric soft corals, turtles, schooling pelagics and strong currents.
- Castle Rock (aka Tako Toko Toko) ; a tremendous sunrise dive site where with a little luck. You will dive with dolphins or see magnificent pinwheels of tropical fish amid strong curents
- Makassar Reef ; A shallow drift dive over moonscape rubble where massive manta rays schools and clean themselves on the rock. If you have never seen mantas before, dive here it’s almost guaranteed.
2. WAEREBO VILLAGE
Waerebo is a
traditional adat village situated in the highland of Manggarai. The people of
Waerebo have kept their traditions
intact ever since their ancestors decided to settle in the area. It is
belived that their ancestor, Empo Maro ,
came from Minangkabau, on the western part of the island of Sumatra. Empo Maro
and members of his family sailed through the ocean and landed in Labuan Bajo, Flores. They continued
their journey northwards until they came to a place called Waraloka . according
to the local lore told by Waerebo
elders, Empo Maro then moved from one village another, starting from Waraloka to Nangapa’ang then to Popo, Liho, Modo , Golo Ponto, Ndara living
It is said that Empo Maro decided to settle in Waerebo as he received a divine message to move to anotherplace in the east. His descendants have kept their village intact to this day.” Neka hemong kuning agu kalo” is a saying by which the people of Waerebo live ,meaning that. Waerebo is their unforgettable land of birth and inheritance the people of Waerebo are not tempted to move to choose to stay in their highland village and maintain their culture and tradition. Since 2008, Waerebo has seen efforst of revitalisation in their village and more specifically to their adat house ,with the help of organisations such as Rumah Asu foundation and Tirto Utomo foundation. The locals did all the reconstruction process, ensuring that the sanctity and the originality of the traditional adat house are preseverd, while simultaneously educating their young how to maintain their culture the hard work paid off.on 27 Agustus 2012 UNESCO gave to the people of Waerebo the Award of Excellence in UNESCO Asia Pacifik Award For Cultural Heritage Conservation the highest award in the field of cultural heritage conservation.
3. CANCAR SPIDERWEB RICE FIELDS
The greatest local site is actually 20km west of Ruteng near the village of Cancar. The legendary spiderweb rice fields are vast creations that are shaped exactly as their name implies. The surrounding region is beautifully lush with paddies. For the best view, stop at a small house ( there is sign ) and paid Rp 10.000 , borrow a walking stick and ascend a dirt path to a ridge where the surreal shaped of the rice fields can be fully appreciated.
4. BELARAGHI TRADITIONAL VILLAGE
Kampung Belaraghi is one of several traditional villages that are still traditional. This village is located in Keligejo – Aimere District and is 45 Km from the City of Bajawa. Kampung Belaraghi is a Ngada ethnic traditional village; Bajawa ethnic who are said if their ancestors from India. In this village the structure of the Ngada ethnic culture is still very thick and complete. Here there are 5 clans where in the middle of the village stand 3 Ngadhu and 3 bhaga which are the symbols of the Ngada people male and female ancestors. The rest is in the nearest village, namely in Pau Kate Village. Besides that, based on information obtained by several families in Belarahgi, they have Ngadhu and Bhaga in Mangulewa Village – West Golewa Subdistrict. When you enter Kampung Belaraghi the impression of calm, comfort and beauty will welcome you. Mama – mama with a distinctive smile and red lips because eating betel will greet you. Before turn around the village, tourists must fill in the guest book and they will ask if you will stay in the village or just visit. To stay in the village you will pay extra fees for the purpose of paying residents’ houses, dinner and at night they will usually serve a a ritual to see chicken hearts that is often done by ethnic Ngada people. In the morning the typical atmosphere of belaraghi with the chirping of birds, crowing chickens and pigs belonging to citizens will welcome you. Enjoy boiled sweet potatoes or fried bananas and Bajawa coffee will be your breakfast.
5. BENA TRADITIONAL VILLAGE
Bena is a Traditional village located in Tiwuriwu village – Jerebuu District – Ngada Regency. Bena Traditional Village is the most famous and also most visited village in the Ngada district. With its impressive stone formations and ancestral shrines, as well as traditional houses, Bena has turned into a signpost for Ngada culture. This village was nominated to be one of the sites of world history warijan UNESCO in 1995. The village consists of two parallel rows of traditional, high thatch-roofed houses. Highly visible in the center of the village are ngadhu and bhaga, pairs of shrines – one for each clan of the village – representing the clan’s ancestors. The ngadhu is an anthropomorphic umbrella-like pole embodying the male ancestor of a clan. The trunk is decorated with carvings and is topped with a warrior-like figure. The ngadhu symbolizes fierceness and virility. After a new ngadhu has been carved out of a special tree, the men of the village carry the pole in a ceremonial way into the village.
The bhaga, a female ancestral clan shrine, is a small hut with a thatched roof that resembles a miniature of a traditional house. It symbolizes the sanctuary of the house and the female body. The bhaga offers enough space for one to two persons to hold rituals for female ancestors.
Another distinct feature of Ngada culture, of which Bena offers an awesome sight, are the megalithic formations in the village center. Megaliths are a means to connect with the supernatural realm and to communicate with the ancestors, often by animal sacrifice. As with the ngadhu and bhaga shrines, there is also a stone altar to every village clan. Additionally, a massive pile of flat stones, called lenggi, represents a court where the different clans of the village settle their legal disputes. If you look closer at the houses in Bena, you often find them decorated with skulls and horns of water buffaloes and pig jaws which were sacrificed at different ceremonies.
Visitors can buy locally crafted ikat, or tie-dyed woven cloth, in Bena. The sarong, which is a large tube of woven cloth, is often worn wrapped around the waist, both by men and women. The ikat weaving motifs range from animal patterns like horses, chickens, elephants, and the sacred ngadhu and bagha symbols.
At the end of the village, elevated on a small hill, a viewpoint with a Virgin Mary shrine gives you the opportunity to have a bird eye’s view over Bena and a wider view of the beautiful surrounding landscape, including Mount Inerie and the Savu Sea. The visit to Bena can also be combined with a hike that passes the villages of Tololela and Gurusina before ending at the Malanage Hot Springs.
6. RIUNG 17 ISLAND MARINE PARK
Riung 17 Island Marine Parks are
administratively located in the Riung District of Ngada Regency, East Nusa
Tenggara Province. It is geographically located between 8 ° 25 ’- 9 ° 00’ LS
and 120 ° 45 ’- 121 ° 50’ BT. It has an area of 9,900 hectares, stretching
from east to west in the north of the island of Flores. Which was originally a
marine area designated as a Nature Reserve by Decree of the Minister of
Forestry No.427 / Kpts-II / 1987 dated December 28, 1987 with an area of
11,900 ha , Then Reappointed in 1996 Which was divided into 2 Regions By
Decree of the Minister of Forestry No.589 / Kpts-II / 1996 Date 16 September
1996 Becoming Seventeen Natural Tourism Parks covering an area of 9,900 Ha
and a 2000 Ha Riung Nature Reserve. The TWAL area 17 Island which is directly adjacent
to several villages in the Riung sub-district, namely Lengkosambi Timur
Village, Lengkosambi Utara Village, Lengkosambi Barat Village, Tadho Village,
Benteng Tengah Village, Nangamese Village, Latung Village, and Sambinasi
Village. Seventeen Islands parks is a cluster of
small and large islands. These islands include: Pulau Wire, Sui, Taor, Tembaga,
Tiga (long island), Bampa, Meja, Rutong, Patta, Halima (nani island), Besar,
Lainjawa, Kolong, Dua, Ontole (largest), Borong and Pau Island Topography In
general, the topography of the land in Riung sub-district is dominated by hilly
to mountainous land with slopes ranging from 0 – 45%. Topographical conditions
in the islands that are in the TWAL 17 Island are generally sloping from the
coast to the direction of the coast, when sea water recedes far between certain
nearby islands there is a base / exposure that can be traveled on foot
7. KELIMUTU NATIONAL PARK
National parks are
natural conservation areas that have native ecosystems, managed with a zoning
system that is used for research, science, education, cultivation, tourism and
recreation purposes. National parks are a type of conservation area because
they are protected, usually by the central government, from human development
and pollution. The Kelimutu National Park is one of the National Parks in
Indonesia located in Ende Regency – Flores Island – East Nusa Tenggara
Province. The Kelimutu National Park covers an area of around 5,356.50 ha
which was determined based on Minister of Forestry Decree No. 679 / Kpts-II /
1997, October 10, 1997. The topography of this national park also varies from
mild to heavy corrugation – hilly and mountainous – mountains with very steep
and steep slope levels. In general, the height of the Kelimutu National Park
ranges from 1,500 – 1,731 masl. The highest point is on the peak of Mount
Kelibara, around 1,731 masl.
There are various types
of flora in the Kelimutu National Park area, which are around 100 species in 36
families and 2 of which are endemic species of Kelimutu namely uta onga
(Begonia kelimutuensis) and turuwara (Rhondodenron renschianum). Some other
flora in Kelimutu National Park are coded (Toona spp.), Cypress (Casuarina
equisetifolia), crater (Anthocephalus cadamba), kesambi (Schleichera oleosa),
kesi (Canarium spp.), Codal (Diospyros ferra), sita (Alstonis scholaris),
edelweiss perennial flowers, and many others. Some species of Flores endemic
such as gerugiwa (Monarcha sp) also inhabit the national park area. This
endemic chirping bird, which has 11 different chirping sounds, is said to be a
spirit bird, considering that these birds are rarely seen. Other endemic
animals, including mammals, namely Lawo mice (Rattushainaldi), mountain mice
(Bunomys naso), deke (Papagomys armandvillei ), and the second wawi
(Susheureni). Other species, including partridge (Gallus gallus), banteng (Bos
javanicus javanicus), deer (Muntiacus muntjak nainggolani), deer (Cervus
timorensis), wild boar (Sus sp.), Eagle (Elanus sp.), Srigunting (Dicrurus
sulphurea), mongoose (Pardofelis marmorata), anteater (Manis javanica),
porcupine (Hystrix brachyura brachyura), mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus
javanicus), and others. Kelimutu National Park is also a habitat for around 19
species of endangered birds. The birds include flores (Treron floris), owl
wallacea (Otus silvicola), golden chili (Dicaeum annae), jungle swings
(Rhinomyias oscillans), bird honey matari (Nectarinia solaris), kancilan flores
(Pachycephala nudigula) , dwarf dwarf (Pericrocotus lansbergei), Timor thymia
(Tesia everetti), crested opior (Lophozosterops dohertyi), thick half beak
(Heleia crassirostris), flores (Monarcha sacerdotum), and flores eagle
8. KOKA BEACH
Koka Beach is located in Wolowiro, Paga, Sikka Regency, East Nusa Tenggara. Koka beach is one of beautiful beach in Flores island. There are Two bays separated by a little, hilly promontory. Clean and clear Water and the beach itself was really clean. Sometimes you can find your self without anyone there because it was located far from the local villages. This beach managed by local people, so you cant find many public facilities in good condition.
From Trans Flores street to Maumere, you can see sign to Koka Beach in Wolowiro. The roads on the way to the beach is quite narrow, even 2 cars couldn’t get in the same time.
There are some homestay managed by local people here. Blasius homestay, Richard Cowboy Homestay and others.
9. LEPO LORUN – MAUMERE
Lepo Lorun Women Weaving Cooperation founded by Alfonsa Horeng. It is also a homestay in Maumere – Flores. They have three rooms and delicious freshly local food is served three times per day. Here the traditional craft of organic Ikat weaving is practiced. In many villages the old skills are forgotton – how to make the colours from leaves, tree bark, roots, fruits. Alfonsa Horeng Ikat Flores revived these skills in a coop with women from several villages. Obviously the price of an all-organic piece is much higher than a synthetic piece, imagine all hard work that goes in making one of these pieces. Lots of visitors from around the globe come to Lepo Lorun, many of them met Alfonsa during one of her trips while representing Indonesia as Ikat ambassador.
10. SIKKA OLD CHURCH
The church is beautiful and well maintained and is still in use with the
huge Catholic population. Apparently the Pope visited here in 1979 when he came
to Maumere so they are very proud of that. Only a 10 minte stop but the pastor
showed us around and told us a lot of information. Make a small donation on
your way out. One of the most-visit spot while you are at Maumere.
Still keep the authentic architecture with the beautiful Sikka weaving motive
as the background of the sacristy